Bipolar Affective Disorder, "BPAD", or "BP" is a mood disorder, according to the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual). Specific categories of the disorder include Bipolar type I, Bipolar type II, cyclothymic disorder, Bipolar NOS (not otherwise specified). Each varies with intensity and length of the varing manic or hypomanic and depressive episodes. These episodes result in unusually extreme highs and lows of an individual's mood, i.e. affect, over time. ...