KMLE Medical Dictionary

 
Results for the sub-search for "muscle"


Abbreviations
        Did you mean: muscule musculi

MeSH(Medical Subject Headings) Match-Search (http://www.nlm.nih.gov) Results: 5       Page: 2
Muscle Fatigue:
A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.
Synonyms: Muscular Fatigue, Fatigue, Muscular
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Muscle Fibers:
Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of skeletal muscle tissue. They consist of a soft contractile substance enclosed in a tubular sheath. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.
Synonyms: Fibers, Muscle, Myocyte, Skeletal, Myotube, Skeletal Myocyte
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Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch:
Skeletal muscle fibers having high myofibrillar ATPase activity, high glycolytic enzyme activities, and an intermediate glycogen content which produce a fast twitch. There are two types. Fast fatigable fibers, also called white fibers, have a low myoglobin content, and a small mitochondrial content, and fatigue rapidly due to their limited glycogen content and low capacity for oxidative metabolism. Fast fatigue-resistant fibers, also called red fibers, have a large mitochondrial content and a high myoglobin content, related to their resistance to fatigue. (From Best, Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p100)
Synonyms: Fast-Twitch Muscle Fiber, Fast-Twitch Muscle Fibers, Fiber, Fast-Twitch Muscle, Fiber, Red Muscle, Fiber, White Muscle, Fibers, Fast-Twitch Muscle, Fibers, Red Muscle, Fibers, White Muscle, Muscle Fiber, Fast-Twitch, Muscle Fiber, Red, Muscle Fiber, White
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Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch:
Skeletal muscle fibers having low myofibrillar ATPase activity, low glycogen content, and high myoglobin content, high mitochondrial oxidative enzyme activities, and an intermediate mitochondrial content which produce a slow twitch and are fatigue-resistant. (From Best, Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p101)
Synonyms: Fiber, Intermediate Muscle, Fiber, Slow-Twitch Muscle, Fibers, Intermediate Muscle, Fibers, Slow-Twitch Muscle, Intermediate Muscle Fiber, Intermediate Muscle Fibers, Muscle Fiber, Intermediate, Muscle Fiber, Slow-Twitch, Muscle Fibers, Slow Twitch
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Muscle Hypertonia:
Abnormal increase in skeletal or smooth muscle tone. Skeletal muscle hypertonicity may be associated with PYRAMIDAL TRACT lesions or BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.
Synonyms: Hypertonia, Detrusor Muscle, Hypertonia, Infantile, Hypertonia, Neonatal, Hypertonia, Sphincter, Hypertonia, Transient, Muscle Tone Increased, Detrusor Muscle Hypertonia, Detrusor Muscle Hypertonias, Hypermyotonias, Hypertonia, Muscle, Hypertonias, Infantile
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MeSH(Medical Subject Headings) Similar-Search (http://www.nlm.nih.gov) Results: 5       Page: 2
Caveolin 3:
A caveolin that is expressed exclusively in MUSCLE CELLS and is sufficient to form CAVEOLAE in SARCOLEMMA. Mutations in caveolin 3 are associated with multiple muscle diseases including DISTAL MYOPATHY and LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY.
Synonyms: Caveolin-3,M-Caveolin,Muscle Caveolin,Caveolin, Muscle

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Cofilin 1:
Cofilin 1 is a member of the cofilin family of proteins that is expressed in non-muscle CELLS. It has ACTIN depolymerization activity that is dependent on HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION.
Synonyms: CFL1 Protein,N-Cofilin,Non-Muscle Cofilin,Cofilin, Non-Muscle,Non Muscle Cofilin

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Cofilin 2:
A member of the cofilin family of proteins that is expressed in MUSCLE CELLS. It has ACTIN depolymerization activity that is dependent on HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION.
Synonyms: CFL2 Protein,Cofilin-2,M-Cofilin,Muscle Cofilin,Cofilin, Muscle

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Creatine Kinase, MM Form:
An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the MUSCLE.
Synonyms: M Creatine Kinase,MM Creatine Kinase,Muscle Creatine Kinase,Creatine Kinase, M,Creatine Kinase, MM,Creatine Kinase, Muscle,Kinase, M Creatine,Kinase, MM Creatine,Kinase, Muscle Creatine

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Dystonia:
A persistent attitude or posture due to the co-contraction of agonists and antagonist muscles in one region of the body. It most often affects the large axial muscles of the trunk and limb girdles. Conditions which feature persistent or recurrent episodes of dystonia as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as DYSTONIC DISORDERS. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p77)
Synonyms: Dystonia, Diurnal,Dystonia, Limb,Dystonia, Paroxysmal,Diurnal Dystonia,Dystonia, Muscle,Limb Dystonia,Paroxysmal Dystonia

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