KMLE Medical Dictionary

 
Results for the sub-search for "encephalo"


Abbreviations
        Did you mean: Encephale encephalo- encephala encephal- encephal -encephaly

MeSH(Medical Subject Headings) Match-Search (http://www.nlm.nih.gov) Results: 3       Page: 3
Encephalomyelitis, Western Equine:
A form of arboviral encephalitis (which primarily affects horses) endemic to western and central regions of NORTH AMERICA. The causative organism (ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS, WESTERN EQUINE) may be transferred to humans via the bite of mosquitoes (CULEX tarsalis and others). Clinical manifestations include headache and influenza-like symptoms followed by alterations in mentation, SEIZURES, and COMA. DEATH occurs in a minority of cases. Survivors may recover fully or be left with residual neurologic dysfunction, including PARKINSONISM, POSTENCEPHALITIC. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp8-9)
Synonyms: Encephalitis, Western Equine, Equine Encephalitis, Western, Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
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Encephalomyocarditis virus:
The type species of CARDIOVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis and myocarditis in rodents, pigs, and monkeys. Infection in man has been reported with CNS involvement but without myocarditis.
Synonyms:
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Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform:
A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy of cattle associated with abnormal prion proteins in the brain. Affected animals develop excitability and salivation followed by ATAXIA. This disorder has been associated with consumption of SCRAPIE infected ruminant derived protein. This condition may be transmitted to humans, where it is referred to as variant or new variant CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME. (Vet Rec 1998 Jul 25;143(41):101-5)
Synonyms: BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), Encephalitis, Bovine Spongiform, BSEs (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis, Mad Cow Diseases
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  MeSH definitions Page Results        

MeSH(Medical Subject Headings) Similar-Search (http://www.nlm.nih.gov) Results: 5       Page: 3
Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic:
A fulminant and often fatal demyelinating disease of the brain which primarily affects young adults and children. Clinical features include the rapid onset of weakness, SEIZURES, and COMA. It may follow a viral illness or MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE infections but in most instances there is no precipitating event. Pathologic examination reveals marked perivascular demyelination and necrosis of white matter with microhemorrhages. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp924-5)
Synonyms: Encephalomyelitis, Acute Necrotizing Hemorrhagic,Encephalomyelitis, Hemorrhagic Necrotizing,Encephalomyelitis, Necrotizing Hemorrhagic,Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitis, Necrotizing,Hemorrhagic Necrotizing Encephalomyelitis,Hurst Syndrome,Hurst's Disease

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Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis:
A form of meningitis caused by LYMPHOCYTIC CHORIOMENINGITIS VIRUS. MICE and other rodents serve as the natural hosts, and infection in humans usually occurs through inhalation or ingestion of infectious particles. Clinical manifestations include an influenza-like syndrome followed by stiff neck, alterations of mentation, ATAXIA, and incontinence. Maternal infections may result in fetal malformations and injury, including neonatal HYDROCEPHALUS, aqueductal stenosis, CHORIORETINITIS, and MICROCEPHALY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Synonyms: Armstrong's Syndrome,Encephalomyelitis, Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus,Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Encephalomyelitis,Choriomeningitis, Lymphocytic,Syndrome, Armstrong,Syndrome, Armstrong's

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Maus Elberfeld virus:
A strain of ENCEPHALOMYOCARDITIS VIRUS, a species of CARDIOVIRUS, usually causing an inapparent intestinal infection in mice. A small number of mice may show signs of flaccid paralysis.
Synonyms: Encephalomyelitis Virus, Mouse

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Theilovirus:
A species of CARDIOVIRUS which contains of three strains: Theiler's murine encephalomyellitis virus, Vilyuisk human encephalomyelitis virus, and Rat encephalomyelitis virus.
Synonyms: Theiler Virus,Theiler's Virus,Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus,Theilers Murine Encephalomyelitis Virus,Mouse Poliovirus,Murine Poliovirus,Poliovirus, Mouse,Poliovirus, Murine,Theilers Virus,Theiloviruses

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Leigh Disease:
A group of metabolic disorders primarily of infancy characterized by the subacute onset of psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, ataxia, weakness, vision loss, eye movement abnormalities, seizures, dysphagia, and lactic acidosis. Pathological features include spongy degeneration of the neuropile of the basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem, and spinal cord. Patterns of inheritance include X-linked recessive, autosomal recessive, and mitochondrial. Leigh disease has been associated with mutations in genes for the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX; CYTOCHROME-C OXIDASE; ATP synthase subunit 6; and subunits of mitochondrial complex I. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p850).
Synonyms: Encephalomyelopathy, Subacute Necrotizing,Encephalopathy, Subacute Necrotizing, Infantile,Encephalopathy, Subacute Necrotizing, Juvenile,Infantile Leigh Disease,Infantile Subacute Necrotizing Encephalopathy,Juvenile Leigh Disease,Leigh Syndrome

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