KMLE Medical Dictionary

 
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Abbreviations
        Did you mean: Encephale encephalo- encephala encephal- encephal -encephaly

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encephaloma:
(en·ceph·a·lo·ma) (en-sef?schwa]-lo˘m[schwa]) 1. any swelling or tumor of the brain. 2. medullary carcinoma.
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encephalomalacia:
(en·ceph·a·lo·ma·la·cia) (en-sef?schwa]-lo-m[schwa]-la˘sh[schwa]) [encephalo- + -malacia] softening of the brain, especially that caused by an infarct.
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encephalomere:
(en·ceph·a·lo·mere) (en-sef?schwa]-lo-m[emacr]r) [encephalo- + -mere] any one of the succession of segments which make up the embryonic brain.
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encephalometer:
(en·ceph·a·lom·e·ter) (en-sef?schwa]-lom?schwa]-t[schwa]r) [encephalo- + -meter] an instrument used in locating certain of the regions of the brain.
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encephalomyelitis:
(en·ceph·a·lo·my·eli·tis) (en-sef?schwa]-lo-mi?schwa]-li˘tis) inflammation involving both the brain and the spinal cord. Called also myeloencephalitis.
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hepatic encephalopathy:
a condition usually occurring secondarily to advanced disease of the liver but also seen in the course of any severe disease or in patients with portacaval shunts. It is marked by disturbances of consciousness which may progress to deep coma (hepatic coma), psychiatric changes of varying degree, flapping tremor, and fetor hepaticus. Called also portal-systemic e.
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HIV encephalopathy:
HIV-related encephalopathy, a progressive primary encephalopathy caused by human immunodeficiency virus type I infection; it involves principally the subcortical white matter and deep gray nuclei and is manifested by a variety of cognitive, motor, and behavioral abnormalities. Called also AIDS dementia complex, AIDS e., and HIV encephalitis.
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hypernatremic encephalopathy:
a severe hemorrhagic encephalopathy induced by the hyperosmolarity accompanying hypernatremia and dehydration.
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hypertensive encephalopathy:
a complex of cerebral phenomena (headache, convulsions, coma, etc.) occurring in the course of malignant hypertension.
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hypoxic encephalopathy:
encephalopathy caused by hypoxia from either decreased rate of blood flow or decreased oxygen content of arterial blood; symptoms in mild cases include intellectual, visual, and motor disturbances. Severe cases, such as with cardiac arrest or blocking of the airways, can cause permanent damage within five minutes. Called also anoxic e.
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Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies:
A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by alterations of mitochondrial metabolism that result in muscle and nervous system dysfunction. These are often multisystemic and vary considerably in age at onset (usually in the first or second decade of life), distribution of affected muscles, severity, and course. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp984-5)
Synonyms: Encephalomyopathy, Mitochondrial,Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy

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Brain:
The part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium, comprising the prosencephalon, mesencephalon, and rhombencephalon. It is derived from the anterior part of the embryonic neural tube.
Synonyms: Encephalon,Brains,Encephalons

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Brain Diseases:
Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
Synonyms: Brain Disorders,CNS Disorders, Intracranial,Central Nervous System Disorders, Intracranial,Central Nervous System Intracranial Disorders,Encephalon Diseases,Intracranial CNS Disorders,Pathology, Brain,Brain Disease,Brain Disorder,Encephalon Disease

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AIDS Dementia Complex:
A neurologic condition associated with the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system. Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefaction, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)
Synonyms: AIDS-Related Dementia Complex,Acquired-Immune Deficiency Syndrome Dementia Complex,Dementia Complex, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome,Encephalopathy, AIDS,Encephalopathy, HIV,HIV-1 Cognitive and Motor Complex,AIDS Encephalopathies,Dementia, HIV

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Brain Diseases, Metabolic:
Acquired or inborn metabolic diseases that produce brain dysfunction or damage. These include primary (i.e., disorders intrinsic to the brain) and secondary (i.e., extracranial) metabolic conditions that adversely affect cerebral function.
Synonyms: Acquired Metabolic Diseases, Brain,Acquired Metabolic Diseases, Nervous System,Acquired Metabolic Encephalopathies,Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Acquired,Brain Disorders, Metabolic,Brain Disorders, Metabolic, Acquired,Brain Syndrome, Metabolic

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encephalomeningitis:

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encephalomeningocele:

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encephalomeningopathy:

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encephalomere:

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encephalometer:

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porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus:

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postvaccinal encephalomyelitis:

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Theiler mouse encephalomyelitis virus:

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Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis:

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Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus:

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encephalomalacia:

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encephalomeningitis:

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encephalomeningocele:

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encephalomeningopathy:

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encephalomere:

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equine encephalomyelitis:

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experimental allergic encephalomyelitis:

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granulomatous encephalomyelitis:

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herpes B encephalomyelitis:

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infectious porcine encephalomyelitis:

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encephalomeningitis:

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encephalomeningocele:

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encephalomere:

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encephalomeres:

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encephalomeric:

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wernicke's encephalopathy:

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EAE:

 
experimental allergic encephalomyelitis; experimental autoimmune encephalitis
 

EEEV:

 
eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus
 

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PEM:

 
Paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis
 

R-EAE:

 
Relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
 

TMEV:

 
Theiler murine encephalomyelitis virus
 

VEE:

 
Venezuela equine encephalomyelitis
 

WEE:

 
Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
 

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encephaloma:

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encephaloma's:

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encephalomas:

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encephalomas':

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encephalomata:

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